Calathea’s origin is tropical forests of Central and South America. It is the most numerous member of the Marantaceae family, with about 130 species being known.
Calathea plants have big oval leaves with a geometrically accurate design; each species has its own pattern that is distinct from the others. The plant is highly appreciated for the beautiful pattern of the leaves both by florists and plant parents.
Another peculiarity of the plant is that certain species experience nyctinasty. It is the circadian rhythmic nastic movement of higher plants in response to the onset of darkness. The leaves fold and rise up like hands in prayer in the evening, thus the common name Prayer Plant. Calathea can reach a height of up to 5 ft (1.5 m) and a width of up to 25 in (65 cm).