Easy Identifying Characteristics
The most meticulous way to identify a bush is to study its leaves, flowers, thorns, and fruit altogether. But usually, plants blossom during spring and early summer and fruit in late summer or fall. The only reliable way is to analyze the foliage. Here is what you need to look at:
Identification by leaf
Leaves can be simple or compound. The latter has several leaflets on a common petiole with a single leaf bud. Leaves can grow in opposite or alternate patterns and have smooth, lobbed, or toothed edges. Every leaf has veins that may have a distinguishable look in different species.
Berry bush ID
Most leafy bushes have berries, like viburnum, ivy, dog rose, and others. Berries vary in size, shape, and color. They can grow one by one or in a bunch. Berries can have one or many seeds, have an integral structure like blueberry, or consist of fruitlets like raspberry.
Some bushes like roses, bougainvillea, and blackberry have thorns. Their presence dramatically facilitates identification since the thorns are another feature that narrows the circle of possible options.