Pay attention that growing marijuana may be subject to special restrictions and regulation in your country or state. Please contact your attorney to obtain advice before cultivating cannabis.
If you are new to growing cannabis, you probably have a lot of unanswered questions about it. What are the ideal conditions to grow marijuana plant? What does it take to get the healthiest plant growth and the best hemp yields? How to create the right microclimate for growing? This material will give you practical answers to the most pressing questions.
Below we look at five key factors for the best growing conditions, going from most to least important.
What are these five fundamental factors? Let's briefly describe each:
The light is bright enough, but not too bright.
Temperature is comfortable not only for you but also for your plants.
Air circulation - fresh air combined with a slight breeze.
Light reflection - the walls of the working space are covered from the inside with a reflective material.
Moisture - Controlling moisture helps plants grow faster and can significantly increase the resin production of the plant.
These are all the key points. For obvious reasons, we will not describe the fact that the worse the conditions created, the lower the yield, and vice versa. But let us outline the obvious advantages of an optimal microclimate.
Benefits of a quality growing environment
There are not so few of them as it might seem at first glance:
- plants develop much more intensively;
- a significant increase in the final yield for all cultivated strains;
- getting healthy, with an abundance of greenery, strong plants;
- a significant increase in the quality of the resulting buds (better density, shape, and growth of trichome production);
- stronger smell and concentration of cannabinoids (tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids, together with odors, can "burn out" if it's too hot);
- plants are more resistant to general difficulties arising during the growing process (waterlogging, heat and light stress, insect pests, mold, rot).
Provide your plants with maximum comfort and they will reward you! Let's take a closer look at each factor below.
The difficulty lies in finding a happy medium:
if there is less light than needed, hemp develops worse;
if the light is too bright, the plants get burned by light (regardless of temperature).
In addition, the wrong spectrum can make the plants too tall and thin. The predominance of blue is useful in the vegetative stage, as it inclines the bushes to a more spreading form. In bloom, the red and orange spectrum is more useful. Fortunately, HPS lamps are great for the entire life cycle of cannabis.
A suitable temperature range for hemp is 20-30 ° C (68-86 F). It is recommended to stay between 18-26 ° C (64-78 F) during flowering so that trichomes do not suffer.
Constant air renewal and a light breeze will not only help the cannabis grow but also save it from many problems like mold, spider mites. It usually works ideally to place 2-3 fans in the box so that all the foliage flutters slightly.
In addition, it is necessary to pump out hot air heated by the lamp - especially if it becomes hot in the box with the lamp on. The need for an air extraction system is usually obvious to a person using HPS lamps, but it is important to understand that it is equally important with an LED or fluorescent lamp. The higher the power of such lamps, the warmer it is.
By covering the walls with light-repellent material, you will increase the amount of light received by the plants. Foil is ineffective, although it is used by many growers. Any glossy surface also performs significantly worse than plain white paper. You can paint the walls of the box white.
Unless the humidity is critically low or high, this factor rarely leads to cannabis diseases. But by manipulating moisture, you can achieve tangible results - more intensive development and gummosity.
- for clones, the ideal humidity is 70-80%;
- on the growing season, it is best at 40-70%;
3, flowering cannabis is ideal at 40-50%;
- in the last week before harvesting, dry the air well to 40%.
It is important to understand that there is no single treatment for every strain and every bush. Some varieties of cannabis are less sensitive to temperature fluctuations, while others manage not to get sick even with insufficient air circulation. With the 5 Factors of Ideal Grow, you can't go wrong and achieve high yields with any variety.