Cucumis melo var. cantalupensis) is a plant in the pumpkin family (Cucurbitaceae), a type of melon. The fruits of the cantaloupe are covered with a striped rind. In length, as a rule, 15-25 cm. The fruit pulp is orange in color. Transportable, but long-term storage is contraindicated. It is believed that the probable ancestor of the Cantalupensis group was brought to Europe in the XV century from Armenia (today eastern Turkey).
Melons were presented to the head of the Catholic Church-the Pope-as an exquisite dessert. The food was to his taste, and the Pope sent the seeds for cultivation to his estate in Cantalupia. Hence, these melons got their current name-cantaloupes. Currently, cantaloupes are a widely cultivated type of melon in both the Old and New World.