Cilantro is a fast-growing annual herb from the Apiaceae family. Its homeland is the Eastern Mediterranean. Coriander is used as a spice and an ingredient in perfumes.
Cilantro has a straight bare stem 16-28 inches (40-70 cm) tall, branched at the top. Basal leaves are broadly lobed and coarsely dissected, with wide lobules and long petioles. Upper leaves are located on short petioles with narrow linear segments. The flowers are small and arranged in complex umbrellas at the ends of the peduncles. They can be white or pink. Coriander produces spherical ribbed fruits. Cilantro blooms in June-July. The fruits ripen in July, August, and September.