Syringa vulgaris is a species of flowering plant in the olive family Oleaceae, native to the Balkan Peninsula, where it grows on rocky hills. Grown for its scented purple flowers in spring, this large shrub or small tree is widely cultivated.
Common lilac bushes (Syringa vulgaris) are deciduous shrubs that bloom in late spring. Syringa is a member of the olive family, along with other such ornamental plants as ash trees, forsythia shrubs, and privet shrubs. The outstanding quality of many lilacs is the smell of their flowers. However, not all types are equally fragrant; grow Syringa vulgaris when in doubt if the smell is your main interest. Common lilac bushes are attractive enough to be treated as specimens. They are also often planted in rows along property borders and pruned into loose hedges.