With the right choice of plants for your garden soil, you won't have to struggle for their survival. Being especially careful when choosing plants for decorating an area with clay, heavy soil is essential. Plants in clay soil suffer from a lack of oxygen and often find themselves waterlogged excessively. We have compiled a list of the best plants for clay soil that will delight you with flowering.
What's clay soil?
To determine the type of soil in your garden, pick up a handful of soil, slightly moisten it and try to roll it into a ball. If the conceived figure does not crumble into grains but is smeared, painting the hands in red color, molded, it means that you have a handful of clay soil.
Soils that are 80 percent or more consist of clay, and a maximum of 20% of sand are clay soils.
Advantages of clay soil
It retains moisture well and can be even more nutrient-rich than some other soil types.
Mineral fertilizers take longer to be washed out of the ground, so you don't have to fertilize the plants often.
Is clay soil good for plants? This kind of soil is not one of the best, but by choosing the right plants that will feel comfortable in such conditions and fertilizing the soil itself, you will get very good results. Humus is used for natural fertilization because, with its high content, this garden soil becomes incredibly fertile.
Disadvantages of clay soil
Such soil is difficult to cultivate. In dry weather, it is hard, like a stone, and it sticks to a shovel in a wet state. As a result, plant roots receive water and air poorly. Also, this type of soil has low thermal conductivity and heats up slowly, so the seeds take longer to awaken.
Plants for clay soil
Clay soil has a large amount of moisture, so select the plants that respond positively to the abundance of water. Among ground cover plants for clay soil, choose the ones that are frost-resistant, water-loving, and unpretentious. Read the list of the plants that will thrive in clay soil below.
Amsonia (bluestars) is winter-hardy and undemanding to the soil flower. However, it prefers light sandy loam, moderate watering, and sunny or slightly shaded sides.
Do not forget about drainage and organic matter. Amsonia won't grow fast but will widen each year. Therefore, it is better to leave about 30 cm between the holes.
Amsonia is propagated both vegetatively and by seed. Seeds germinate well after cold stratification for 8-10 weeks; it is best to sow them before winter. Varieties are propagated by dividing the bush.
The plant is unpretentious, tolerates heat and drought, easily thrives in winter. In addition, rudbeckia is non-invasive and blooms for a long time.
It should be watered on time in the morning or the evening, while if there is prolonged hot weather, then watering should be frequent. You also need to remember that the soil should be loosened after each watering and, if necessary, weeding.
Daylily is often called a "perfect perennial" for its many positive qualities, such as bright flowering, variety of species and colors, resistance to drafts and heat, and undemanding care. Plants usually grow to 45cm - 1.25m in height, with a total flowering time of 1-5 weeks. Depending on the variety, flowering occurs from early spring to late autumn.
Daylily prefers fertile loams and well-drained soils. To create perfect conditions for the flower, we advise adding organic matter to heavy mud and clay or light composting dirt. If the daylily lacks the sun, it grows poorly and stops blooming.
One of the plants that like wet clay soil is coneflower. There are five types of herbaceous plants called echinacea (Coneflower). Echinacea can grow on almost any soil, and clay is no exception. The grown seedlings are planted on the sunny side in flower beds at a distance of 30 cm; the holes are made not deeper than 10 - 15 cm. The coneflower requires regular and moderate watering. Echinacea easily tolerates cold winter, but it is better to cover the root zone with mulch.
This is a stunning perennial plant with attractive leaves and inflorescences which survive well in clay soil.
A suitable place should be on the north side of the garden or shaded by bushes or trees. Before planting, rotted manure, compost, or rotted peat are introduced into the soil. The abundance of watering varies from medium to high, and this directly depends on the species. Before winter, part of the astilbe that is above the surface of the ground dies off. The height of erect shoots depends on the species and variety and can vary from 8 to 200 centimeters.
You can also plant conifers such as thuja, junipers, and even spruce.
In the clay soil, fruit trees such as pears, apple trees, cherries, and plums, feel great and you will not experience any differences in the quality of the crop.
We can add berry bushes to the list of clay soil plants: raspberries, blackberries, gooseberries, and currants. When properly cared for, berry bushes yield better on clay soil than any other.
To grow other vegetable crops, be sure to improve the clay soil composition as much as possible since it is feeble itself and needs additional care.
Clay soil will be your personal challenge, but with enough effort, you can grow a wide variety of plants in your garden.