Eggplant is commonly used throughout many world cuisines for its fruit, which has the ability to retain oils, fats, and spices cooked with it. As a household plant, eggplants are less common, though they are increasing in popularity, and with the proper care and attention, you can grow them anywhere in the world.
Eggplant, commonly referred to as aubergine, brinjal, or Guinea squash outside of North America, originates from southern and eastern Asia and can be identified by its generally deep purple color (though they can be white or stripped as well) and green stock.
The eggplant is part of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, along with other fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, bell peppers, and chili peppers.
The plant produces light purple flowers about 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter. Flowering occurs 2 to 3 months after germination, and fully ripe fruit appears 50 to 80 days after flowering.