Vulpia membranacea is more widespread than supposed before. Specimens from W Germany, N
Greece, S Macedonia, Israel, the Balearic and Canary Islands, considerably extending the total range
of the species, are listed and dot-mapped here for the first time.
A dense bushy winter annual, rarely a biennial plant with a dense fibrous root system, a theophyte, which, as a rule, does not enter into mycorrhizal relationships. Stems 10-60 cm high, sometimes up to 100 cm, simple, erect, with two to four yellow-brown nodes, sometimes geniculate-curved at the nodes at the base, glabrous or slightly pubescent below the panicle base, often the stem is single, less often there are several
How to get rid of:
Mechanical removal is often the most
desirable. This can be accomplished with sharp hoes, shovels, or hand pulling.