The Olive plant is a fruit-bearing plant from the Oleaceae family. Its homeland is the southeastern Mediterranean. Since ancient times, the plant has been cultivated for its fruits, from which people got oil. It does not grow in the wild.
Olea europaea is an evergreen shrub or small tree. Its height is 3-10 feet (1-3 meters). The trunk is covered with gray bark, gnarled, twisted, and usually hollow in old age. The branches are long and knotty. The leaves are leathery, gray-green, and silvery below. The tree does not drop its leaves for the winter and gradually renews them over 2-3 years. Depending on the climate, the plant blooms from the end of April to the beginning of July. The tree gives fruits of elongated oval shape. Their color varies depending on maturity, from green to dark purple and black. The pericarp contains oil.