Whether you dream of making your own wine or simply want to enjoy the beauty of grape clusters in the backyard, it’s important to give the plant proper care. Grapevines are the most widely cultivated grape species in the world. These fruits are used to produce a wide variety of wines, including red, white, rosé, and sparkling types. Let’s dive into the world of viticulture and cultivate your vineyard!
The Vitis vinifera, a member of the Vitaceae family, is a woody vine native to the Mediterranean region. This area is renowned for producing grapes used to make wine. The vines of this grape species can grow vigorously, reaching up to 30 feet (9 meters) in length. They are covered with lobed foliage that change colors and fall in autumn. Starting with summer, European Grapevine produces small, sweet grapes, ranging from green to deep red, depending on the cultivar. The fruits can be eaten fresh, used to make wine, or dried into raisins. The harvesting period typically falls for late summer and early autumn. The colors of fruits vary widely, depending on the variety, including reds or purples, greens, black or dark blue, yellows and gold, or even shades of pink.