Vitis rotundifolia, or muscadine, is a grapevine species native to the southeastern and south-central United States. It has been extensively cultivated since the 16th century.
Muscadine has been extensively cultivated since the 16th century. The plants are well-adapted to their native warm and humid climate; they need fewer chilling hours than better known varieties, and thrive in summer heat. Muscadine berries may be bronze or dark purple or black when ripe. Wild varieties may stay green through maturity. Muscadines have thick, tough skin, making eating raw fruit similar to eating a plum. Muscadines are typically used in making artisan wines, juice, and jelly. They are rich sources of polyphenols. In a natural setting, muscadines provide wildlife habitat as shelter, browse, and food for many birds and animals.