Escallonia rubra, called redclaws and red escallonia, is a species in the family Escalloniaceae which is native to southern Chile and neighboring areas of Argentina. Cultivated as a garden and hedging plant, it became naturalized in other countries.
Escallonia rubra is a spreading shrub usually 0.8 to 1.0 m tall and reaching at most 1.5 m, with glossy, serrate evergreen leaves. The pink to crimson trumpet-shaped flowers bloom in July to October in the Northern Hemisphere. The prominent, maroon to red hypanthia are campanulate with acute apices, leading to the common name redclaws. It is a very variable species, perhaps the result of the merging through hybridisation of several once independent species. Hooker remarked that no two specimens are exactly alike.