Neoblechnum is a genus of ferns in the family Blechnaceae, subfamily Blechnoideae, with a single species Neoblechnum brasiliense. The species is also called Brazilian dwarf tree fern, red Brazilian tree fern, and red dwarf tree fern.
The erect rhizome of Neoblechnum brasiliense forms a thin stipe-stubbed trunk up to 30 centimetres (12 in) in height. The new foliage is a striking deep red color. As the fronds mature it turns to a glossy green. On some selections, the new fronds emerge a pinkish-red. The fern is native to the warm and humid subtropical forests of South America. Neoblechnum brasiliense is cultivated as an ornamental plant.