Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) is a cool-weather vegetable. The OS Cross cabbage is a sweet-flavored variety that can grow quite large, with some heads weighing up to 50 pounds.
Cabbage (comprising several cultivars of Brassica oleracea) is a leafy green, red (purple), or white (pale green) biennial plant grown as an annual vegetable crop for its dense-leaved heads. It is descended from the wild cabbage (B. oleracea var. oleracea), and belongs to the "cole crops" or brassicas, meaning it is closely related to broccoli and cauliflower; Brussels sprouts; and Savoy cabbage. Cabbage weights generally range from 500 to 1,000 grams (1 to 2 lb). As of 2012, the heaviest cabbage was 62.71 kilograms (138.25 lb). Cabbage was most likely domesticated somewhere in Europe before 1000 BC.