Syagrus romanzoffiana, the queen palm or cocos palm, is native to South America, introduced throughout the world as a popular ornamental garden tree. The queen palm is planted in tropical and subtropical areas and much used in urban landscaping.
Syagrus romanzoffiana is a medium-sized palm, quickly reaching maturity at a height of up to 15 m (49 ft) tall, with pinnate leaves having as many as 494 pinnae (leaflets), although more typically around 300, each pinna being around 50 centimetres (18 in) in length and 3–5 centimetres (1–2 in) in width. It was named after Nikolay Rumyantsev (1754–1826), who was Russia's Foreign Minister and Imperial Chancellor and notable patron of the Russian voyages of exploration. He sponsored the first Russian circumnavigation of the globe. The palm occurs from eastern and central Paraguay and northern Argentina north to eastern and southern Brazil and northern Uruguay.