Lighting is one of the essential factors that help indoor plants to grow and develop. Different houseplants require various light conditions; so consider all the nuances before buying a new green pet. Some of them tolerate LED light - a popular and effective alternative to natural lighting. A diode lamp is the compromised and economical way to provide the required color spectrum for a plant.
Why would you need LED lighting?
- You have a dark corner where you want your plants to live;
- You live in a dark house;
- Your plants struggle over winter;
- You’d like to add tenderness to your plant care routine.
What are the advantages of LED lamps?
- They are usually compact: this helps to save space for more plants;
- They provide an optimized emission spectrum. LED technology allows you to adjust the irradiation range to receive waves of different colors at different stages of seedling development. Energy can be concentrated at a specific frequency so that there is no need to waste it on the production of light in a useless range. This flexibility is not found in incandescent, fluorescent, and gas-discharge lighting elements;
- LED lamps are economically profitable since they consume significantly less electricity;
- LED illuminators are durable. Their average service life ranges from 50 to 100 thousand hours of work;
- They do not generate much heat; hence, there is no need for additional cooling, ventilation, and humidification complexes.
How to choose artificial lighting
Insufficient lighting slows down the natural development of the plant. The stem of the flower becomes thinner, the new leaves do not reach their normal size, and the flower is more vulnerable to diseases and insects. The lower leaves can turn yellow and fall off (this is a popular issue for ficus and ivy).
Usually it is the color of the plant that shows that it lacks light: the flower fades or the multi-colored leaves become greener for photosynthesis. Indoor flowers that have thrown out the buds are not able to develop a full flower - they remain small and fade quickly. Excessive lighting also puts the plants under stress, even if they are well watered. In such conditions, the indoor flower may look lethargic, starting from its leaves turning yellow at the edges. If you notice such a problem, reduce the flow of light directed on your plant. Otherwise, it may dry out.
Anyway, LED lights, often used on batteries, are the optimal solution for the abovementioned problems. During their production, various factors on which the cultivation of light-cultivated plants depends, are taken into account. Moreover, LED lights ensure the process of photosynthesis and provide optimal light irradiation.
In addition to basic biological needs, the conditions of light saturation of various light cultures must be met. The main requirements for a plant are:
the length of daylight hours;
the presence of artificial light lighting;
Characteristics of LED lamps for flowers
The height of the pendant lighting plays is a central factor to define how much light the plant will receive. With the correct location of the LED lamp, natural conditions can be created for the growth and flowering of light cultures at home.
For a full-fledged process of photosynthesis, configure the wavelength of the ice lamp to be from 400-700 nm - the PAR-range.
Of particular importance in lighting is the range of spectral color that is needed for photosynthesis. Based on this indicator, the number of LED lamps is determined. When using fluorescent lamps for plants, it is almost impossible to achieve a full-spectrum glow. Also, take into account that there are waves that do not participate in photosynthesis. They can provoke rapid aging, the appearance of excess shoots, and overgrowth. These waves include infrared light and ultraviolet light. We do not recommend using germicidal UV lamps for growing plants at home. The most important waves that help indoor flowers grow properly are blue and red ice backsplash. The diode lamp is not incandescent and has the property of evenly spreading blue and red colors. It can emit violet-blue and red-orange colors. This allows the plant to develop intensively from the phytobiological side.
How to choose the best luminaire option
Use the following lighting modes for indoor flowers:
1000 -3000 lux - for growing in a darkened room, far from the window;
3000 - 4000 lux - for those in need of a diffused stream of light;
4000 - 6000 lux - for those in need of direct lighting;
6000 - 12000 lux - for exotic fruit bearing species.