Many gardeners-enthusiasts wonder how to grow raspberries from seed. Such a task could be challenging for inexperienced growers, so nursing raspberries is only suitable for real professionals. If you are not ready for the task, you can purchase a raspberry bush. However, if you’re up to it, we are ready to guide you from start to finish on this cultivation journey.
How to Grow Raspberries From Seed Indoors
- The process of preparing seeds for germination is not easy. Sometime in January, you should place the seeds in a peat pot, pressing them lightly into the soil. Keep a suitable distance between the seeds (at least 3 centimeters). From above, the soil must be covered with a layer of sand.
- Such a pot must be stored in a dark and cool place. However, don't let your raspberries freeze, and sprinkle the seeds regularly with water to keep them constantly moist.
- Wait until weather conditions improve. You can take the plant outside to get its sun requirement. Do this as soon as the temperature rises to 64.4°F (18°C).
- In a month or two, raspberries will give their sprouts. Keep it up!
- You can transplant the plant already when it has a few leaves. After transplanting, it is better to cover the soil around the plant with mulch.
- Water the plant after planting and try not to disturb the raspberries too much. The plant may suffer from stress after transplanting.
How to Plant Raspberries
Choosing where to plant raspberries is one of the keys to successful cultivation. The plant loves warmth and the sun. Thus, you should choose either a wholly sunny or a slightly shaded location, but if you want big and juicy fruits, then choose the first option.
- Choose quality soil. It should be a little loose so as not to stagnate water.
- Plant your raspberries in a location protected from the wind. Make sure there is no moisture. It will definitely attract all sorts of pests.
- Raspberries will bear fruits for a long time if you feed them with compost every year.
How to Plant a Raspberry Bush
The task will feel less harsh for those who choose the easier growing option of planting a raspberry bush. However, you still have to adhere to a few steps:
- Soak the roots for an hour or two before planting. At this time, dig a hole to fit the roots in size.
- Stand the plant and keep the crown a little higher off the ground. After you sprinkle the seedling, tamp the earth a little around it.
- To encourage faster growth, you can cut back to 9 inches. Don't be surprised if the plant looks like a sticking-out cane. It is absolutely normal.
- Sometimes large raspberry bushes need support. Therefore, you can choose a fence or a strong enough stick to tie to the plant.
Planting Raspberries in Containers and Pots
The very first thing you should do is purchase a large container. The container should be large enough and have good drainage because raspberries absolutely do not tolerate stagnant water. Since you will be eating the fruit, use a potting mix and only an organic fertilizer. The rest of the care process is hardly different from the usual care of raspberries.
Raspberry Plant Care Tips
Here are some tips to make the growing process a little easier and more enjoyable:
- When planting, leave enough space so that air can circulate between the seedlings. It will not create excess moisture.
- Plant flowers near the raspberries. It attracts bees and speeds up the pollination process.
- Keep the raspberry growing zone clear of any germs. Other plants should stand separately. Make sure that different types of weeds do not attract pests.
- Cover the raspberry bushes with netting to protect the plants from birds that want to feast on the berries.
- In hot summers, you can cover the plants with a translucent cloth, so the raspberry leaves do not get burned.
- Unfortunately, raspberries strongly attract various kinds of pests. All you can do about it is regularly inspect the bushes and notice the threat in time.
- Prune your plants in winter
How Long Do Raspberries Take to Grow
Growing raspberry from seed is a complex process; unfortunately, it takes a lot of time. One must only calculate how long it will take you to germinate the seeds. By choosing a suitable variety, you can expect to harvest in a year and a half. However, in some cases, you can wait up to two years. You can roughly determine when your plant will begin to bear fruit. It happens within four to six weeks from the start of the growing season.
How to Propagate Raspberries
Despite so many dangers, raspberries remain robust and resilient plants. It also applies to raspberry propagation:
- Dig up a plant with shoots. Divide the raspberries into as many parts as you need with a spade.
- Dig up only the part of the plant that has begun to spread. It is necessary to check for the presence of roots carefully. After that, you can transplant the shoot into the soil. However, it may take you a long time before this seedling grows big and strong.
- Although there is a third way, it is not as popular among growers. You can use propagation by cuttings but know that you will have to prepare more cuttings than you expected. Only half of them will take root, and the rest will most likely die.
How Are Raspberries Harvested?
Raspberries can be harvested only when the fruit is fully ripe. Plucked unripe raspberries will forever remain so. Try to pick raspberries in the morning but ensure that there are no rain or dew drops on the fruits. The berries must be dry; otherwise, you risk losing the crop due to mold. Also, don't use large containers for harvesting as the berries are fragile and can be crushed easily in those.
Do Raspberries Need Full Sun?
It is best to choose a sunny location for your plant. Placement in the shade will prevent the plant from developing large and healthy fruits. However, cover the raspberry bushes with a translucent cloth in hot summers.
Are you ready to try your hand at growing raspberries? Once you start — you won't notice how you'll be fully absorbed in the process. A rich harvest of raspberries makes a great addition to various desserts. Good luck growing!