Medusa Plant is an evergreen perennial succulent belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family and native to the arid climate of South Africa. The plant is known to grow slowly in its natural environment, and recent research indicates that it first appeared 10 million years ago as a result of evolution. Medusa Plant is widely used medicinally, as a ground cover plant, and in decoration, but due to climate change, its population is declining.
Euphorbia flanaganii is easily identified by its numerous cylindrical branches that are dark green and grow up to 40 cm (15.8 inches) long. The leaves are needle-like, very thin, not spectacular, and almost invisible.
The bright yellow-green flowers are usually on the central branches and appear near the end of summer or early fall if conditions are right. As for the stem, it is tuberous in shape and greatly inflated, and a certain part of it is underground, where it turns into long and thin roots. It is also worth noting that the sap of the plant is poisonous and can cause skin irritation.