Capsicum frutescens is a species of chili pepper that is sometimes considered to be part of the species Capsicum annuum. Pepper cultivars of Capsicum frutescens can be annual or short-lived perennial plants.
Capsicum frutescens includes very few varieties of chillies but it does include that most famous pepper of all - the Tabasco pepper. Some of the other cultivars and varieties included in this group are Piri piri, also known as African Devil or African Bird’s Eye, Malagueta pepper, Malawian pepper, Kambuzi pepper and Thai pepper, also known as Chilli Padi, Bird’s Eye Chilli or Siling Labuyo. The origin of this species is not very clear but it is believed to have originated in Central or South America. From here it spread rapidly across the tropical and sub tropical regions in this area. Today, this species is endemic throughout the major portion Northern, Central and Western South America.