The Latin specific epithet dioicus means "having the male reproductive organs on one plant, and the female on another". In Italy the young shoots are eaten, usually boiled briefly in herb infused water, and then cooked with eggs and cheese. In Friuli it is one of the ingredients in the local home-made soup based on wild greens called 'pistic'. Aruncus dioicus var. kamtschaticus has shown potent cytotoxicity against Jurkat T cells.