Nothofagus nitida is an evergreen tree, native from Chile and Argentina, it lives from latitude 40° S to Última Esperanza (53° S). The wood is white-yellowish colored. It has beautiful engraving and it is used in furniture and construction.
Up to 35 m (115 ft) height and 2 m (6.5 ft) diameter. The bark is gray. It prefers very wet soils.
Leaves are alternate between 1.5 and 3 cm, they are hard, glossy green, with a small petiole and lanceolate shape. The new borne twigs have little hairs.
Male flowers have a unique verticil with 6–10 stamens and are surrounded by tepals (sepals and petals just the same). Female flowers are grouped five by five, and pollination is mainly anemophilous. The flowers are homochlamyd, small (3 to 5 mm), unisexual, arranged in inflorescences.
Its fruits are small, flattened or triangular, yellowish in cupules made up by 2 to 7 units.