s a species of deciduous flowering plant. The small tree or shrub is native to the southern and eastern parts of the United States, found from Illinois to Virginia in the north and from Texas to Florida in the south. It is hardy far to the north of its native range, with successful cultivation poleward to Arboretum Mustila in Finland.The yellow-flowered variety, var. flavescens, is found in higher country in Texas, and hybrids with intermediate flower color occur.
The flowers are attractive to hummingbirds as well as bees. The fruits are rich in saponins, which are poisonous to humans, although not particularly dangerous because they are not ingested easily. The seeds are poisonous. The oils can be extracted to make soap, although this is not viable commercially.
It has a number of local names, such as scarlet buckeye, woolly buckeye and firecracker plant.
The red buckeye is a large shrub or small tree. It reaches a height of 16–26 feet (5–8 m), often growing in a multi-stemmed form. Its leaves are opposite, and are composed usually of five elliptical serrated leaflets, each 4–6 inches (10–15 cm) long. It bears 4–7-inch (10–18 cm) long clusters of attractive dark red tubular flowers in the spring. The flowers are hermaphrodite. The smooth light brown fruits, about 1 inch (2.5 cm) or so in diameter, reach maturity in early fall.
Still quite rare in our gardens, chestnuts-pavia will help diversify the garden palette for those gardeners who are constantly looking for something new and interesting to diversify the garden. Pavia-chestnuts are compact, stunningly beautiful red-flowered hybrids of the horse chestnut we are used to, but only in the form of a dwarf form. Depending on the variety, the flowers are red, orange, yellow, apricot-crimson with various yellow-white color combinations with green, yellow, red, brown and variegated foliage.Pavia chestnuts are a great chance to diversify the usual garden vegetation, introduce original foliage into it and realize the dream of your favorite plants that will not harm your garden. Pavia chestnuts - are a variety of hybrids of the dwarf horse chestnut, which are more suited to the title of a shrub, rather than a tree.These are the most lush-flowering types of chestnuts, which are literally strewn with loose inflorescences not of the usual, but of a rich coral-red color. These chestnuts are usually up to 2-2.5 m in height, but the dense crown formed by dark, beautifully drooping leaves on long petioles turns them into a voluminous and massive multi-stemmed plant. The main thing that makes the Pavia horse chestnut attractive is the flowers of an unusual red color.