The habanero is one of the hottest peppers. Growing habanero peppers requires bright sun, warm temperatures, and well-drained soil. The habanero grows best when purchased or started indoors. Plant them outside after the danger of any frost passed.
These small, green to red peppers measure 100,000 to 445,000 on the Scoville scale, which is a method of measuring the levels of capsicum, or spice, in peppers. Habanero plants have oval, simple leaves with deep glossy green color. The plants are generally bushy and just slightly taller than they are wide. Growing habanero peppers requires a long growing season. As a warm season crop, habanero care may include plastic mulch to help keep soil warm and cloches or row covers at the start of the season. Prior to planting, incorporate a large amount of organic material to the soil to increase fertility and drainage. With proper care, the plants will produce slightly curved green or even red fruits, filled with seeds and covered in waxy, glossy skin.