Erysimum cheiri syn. Cheiranthus cheiri, popularly known as wallflower is a species of flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). The plant is native to Europe, especially Mediterranean region and is extensively cultivated around the world. It is mostly grown as a garden plant. It is a common medicinal plant in Persian medicine (PM) while, it is not popular in modern medicine. Wallflower, Aegean wallflower, Common Wallflower, gele muurbloem, Handflower, Perennial Wallflower, Blister Cress, Hedge Mustard and Cheir’s wallflower are some of the well-known names of the plant. The genus name comes from the Greek word “Eryo”, which means “to drag”. Specific epithet comes from the Greek word cheir which means hand in reference to an old custom dating back to the Middle Ages where wall flowers were carried in small bouquets by hand to festivals or other events. The common name for Erysimum is “Wallflower” because they are often seen on old walls or cliffs.