The national tree of Chile, the Monkey Puzzle tree, shares many characteristics with ancient species and has become a popular garden plant. It particularly distinguishes itself with irregular prehistoric-looking physical traits, namely, massive arching branches and symmetry.
Araucaria araucana, also known as Monkey Puzzle or Chilean Pine, is an evergreen tree, the hardiest species of conifers in the Araucaria genus. The age of its fossilized cones, extracted from sedimentary rocks, is estimated at 100-200 million years. Native to Chile and Argentina, it can grow up to 80 feet (24 m) in its natural habitat. The name Araucaria comes from the name of the Chilean Arauco Province.