Taxodium mucronatum is a large evergreen conifer native to Mexico, Guatemala, and the southwestern United States. The tree belongs to the genus Cupressaceae, distributed near the banks of rivers, springs, and swamps, and in Mexico, it can be found high in the mountains. The Montezuma cypress is the national tree of Mexico and is considered sacred by indigenous Mexican peoples.
Taxodium mucronatum can grow up to 130 ft (40 m) tall, and its trunk up to 9.8 ft (3 m) wide. The tree can be easily identified by the spiral leaves that twist closer to the base forming a horizontal row. The branches are wide, hanging from the trunk; it is expanded at the base with small protrusions on top.
Cones are egg-shaped, up to 0.98 in (2.5 cm) long, and up to 0.79 in (2 cm) wide.
Interestingly, the tree has the world's thickest specimen, located in Mexico, with a diameter of 37.5 ft (11.42 m).