Dryopteris erythrosora, the autumn fern, Japanese wood fern, or copper shield fern, is a species of fern native to east Asia from China and Japan south to the Philippines, growing in light woodland shade on low mountains or hills.
The specific epithet erythrosora comes from ancient Greek, meaning "having red spore cases", which refers to the color of the spore cases. Dryopteris erythrosora is semi-evergreen (in cooler climates), with bipinnate fronds 30–70 cm (12–28 in) tall by 15–35 cm (6–14 in) broad, with 8–20 pairs of pinnae. The fronds have a coppery tint when young, but mature to dark green. The leaves are funnel-shaped with the top ones being leathery shiny, divided twice, triangular in shape and pointy. The individual leaflets are narrow lanceolate. Its edge is almost completely sown up. It is raised as an ornamental plant in gardens because of its color change in the foliage, which change from dark red to dark green, but not very often.