Want to learn more about plants?
Explore our easy-to-read educational Blog
Signs of damage
- Sunken spots. Upper leaf surfaces will display tallow to brown spotting.
- White pustules. These are what give this disease its name. Lumpy white pustules form on the lower leaf surface.
- Leaves shrivel and turn brown.
- Petal pustules. White pustules can also occur in petals, although this is less common.
- Stunted growth and reduced vigor.
How to prevent
Prevention starts with good practices, such as plant selection, overall tidiness and hygiene, and optimal plant growing conditions. Plants should be regularly checked, and affected leaves should be removed, while heavily damaged plants should be fully destroyed, ideally by burning.
New plants should be monitored and quarantined. Different cultivars have different susceptibility, so choosing resistant cultivars is advised. Don’t take cuttings from infected plants.
The presence of natural enemies is encouraged, as well as weed control and adequate spacing between plants to promote airflow. Prolonged leaf wetness should be avoided.
You can choose non-chemical treatments, such as the hot water treatment, where foliage is removed, roots are trimmed, and the plant is submerged for 4 minutes in water at 115 ºF (46 ºC) followed by cold water. Allow the plant to air-dry.
Chemical treatments are also available, such as fungicides with tebuconazole and triticonazole, known to help control rust diseases, although fungi might show resistance.
Go Premium to continue reading
Also you’ll get unlimited access to disease identification and all the other beneficial features