Clubmosses are a species of ancient evergreen vascular plants, also called tracheophytes, that originate from tropical climates, particularly mountains, and forests. Plants belong to the Lycopodiaceae family and have up to 400 species, which makes them quite popular due to the variability of different representatives. Interestingly, many fossils belonging to this species are found, which are most often associated with coal deposits.
Lycopodiopsida can be easily identified by the small leaves of light green or dark color attached to long stems, which in their shape and structure resemble a medieval mace. The peculiarity of these plants is that they reproduce only by spores, while flowers and seeds are not formed, and the period of their maturation can reach up to 15 years in some representatives of the genus.
Clubmosses have one spore and are bisexual, subterranean, or semi-subterranean, which allows them to first develop in the ground and only then climb out onto land.