What is the plant
Picea mariana, the black spruce, is a North American species of spruce tree in the pine family. It is widespread across Canada, found in all 10 provinces and all 3 Arctic territories. Its range extends into northern parts of the United States.
The spruce is an evergreen coniferous tree genus which is widespread in the northern hemisphere. Spruces can become 60 m (200ft) tall when mature and have a typical conical shape. The branches grow whorled. Their needle-shaped leaves are are four-sided and attached singly to the branches. They stay on the tree for 4 to 10 years. The cones hang downwards. The branches bend downwards at their base but their tips point slightly upwards. Spruces are not easy to style as bonsai because they hardly backbud and wired branches tend to go back in their old positions again and again. However, Picea mariana is among those that can make a good bonsai.
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