he tree is up to 40 m high. Young shoots are pubescent, later glabrous, red-brown or dark purple.
The leaves are narrowly obovate or elliptical, sharply pointed and sharp at the apex, with a broadly wedge-shaped base, sparsely serrate, 6-14 cm long, dark green shiny above, light green below when young.
Stamen and pistillate catkins solitary in axils of young leaves. Hanging cones, 1.5-2 cm long, on thin legs 2-6 cm long.
The fruit is a nut with a wide wing
Kola alder is a short tree, reaching a maximum height of 8 m. It has knotty, twisted branches. Outwardly similar to gray alder. Just like her, she has a yellowish, shiny bark on old branches. The leaf petioles are pubescent, red in color. Leaves are oval-elliptical with a blunt apex and serrated edges on the sides. The habitat is the Kola Peninsula, on the banks of rivers and lakes.Black alder is the most common species growing in the European part of Russia, the Caucasus and Western Siberia. Also found in Western Europe and Asia Minor. Has a dark green crown. Buds, young shoots and leaves are sticky. A valuable breed for the woodworking industry. The wood is soft, lends itself well to painting, processing. Waterproof. The leaves and cones are used for medicinal purposes, and the bark is used to make dyes used for dyeing leather.alder prefers to grow in the temperate climatic zone of the Northern Hemisphere. In addition, it can be found in Asia and South America. Thanks to its decorative, medicinal and practical qualities, it has spread to other continents. But, despite the differences in growth, alder is united by a love of moist soil.