Euphorbia is a very large genus of plants with more than 2,000 species. About 1,200 of them are succulents, some with bizarre shapes and wide, fleshy leaves, while others that look remarkably like cacti, complete with spines.Euphorbia is a somewhat confused genus, with species and subgenera frequently added and deleted. There are annual, perennial, and biennial species within the genus, herbaceous plants and woody shrub species, and both deciduous and evergreen species. The linking characteristic is the presence of a milky white sap that in some species can be toxic. People with sensitivities to latex are most likely to react to the sap of Euphorbia plants.