Yellow pitcher plant is found from southern Alabama, through Florida and Georgia, to the coastal plains of southern Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. It grows in wet savannas and pine flatwoods, seepage slopes, and bogs. Sarracenia flava is a perennial herb with leaves modified into erect, tubular pitchers which are 25 - 95 cm tall, bright yellow, narrow at the base and widening to an opening partially covered by a hood; the narrow neck at the base of the hood is usually dark red; pitchers do not overwinter. Flat, curved, non-pitcher leaves, 12 - 30 cm tall develop after flowering and persist through the winter.These plants capture and digest insects and other small animals in their pitchers. Nectar is produced by glands around the top of the pitcher, luring animals to the opening with its sweet smell. Stiff, down-pointing hairs line the pitcher, encouraging animals to slide in and then impeding their escape. The red veins and neck on the pitchers of Yellow pitcher plants attract insects and direct them into the pitcher. Enzymes dissolved in water in the base of the pitcher digest the animals, making nutrients, particularly nitrogen, available for absorption by the plant.