Shot Hole Disease
The disease’s name couldn’t be more evident because it is about the holes. These ‘craters’ are created by the fungus Wilsonomyces carpophilus. The trees that are affected by this disease are mostly cherries, almonds, nectarine, peaches, apricots, etc. Spring is the most favorable period for the disease. During this period pay attention to the leaves. At first, there will be spots with light green or yellow margins. Later, the affected areas become more prominent, and the centers turn brownish and drop out. Fungal spores that can be found in the centers of brown spots are the main sign that distinguishes this disease from the others. Despite being so common, Shot Hole Disease is a severe issue since it damages the fruit and causes premature leaf drop.