Pentatomidae (shield bugs, stink bugs) are plant-sucking pests producing sticky odor as a defense mechanism. They also cause wilting, stunted growth, yellow or white blotches on leaves, and black pits on nuts.
All the visible and otherwise detectable changes in the infected plants make up the symptoms of the disease. Symptoms may change continuously from the moment of their appearance until the entire plant dies or they may develop up to a point and then remain more or less unchanged for the rest of the growing season. Symptoms may appear as soon as 2 to 4 days after inoculation, as happens in some localized viral diseases of herbaceous plants, or as late as 2 to 3 years after inoculation, as in the case of some viral, mollicute, and other diseases of trees. In most plant diseases, however, symptoms appear from a few days to a few weeks after inoculation.
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