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Signs of damage
- Leaf galls. Abnormal swelling, similar to warts on the plants' external tissue.
- Browning and curling leaves.
- White and yellow spots on leaves. Lead to wilting, and leaves eventually drop.
- Mouthparts cause physical damage. Usually circular-shaped and smaller than other insect feedings.
- Deformities. Along the whole plant, including roots.
- Falling fruits and leaves. Fruits tend to gain scabs.
- The appearance of fungal growth.
- Clusters of eggs on leaves' underside. This only happens with some species.
- Death. In extreme cases, the plant becomes too weak, or the amount of poison injected is not sustainable anymore, and they eventually die.
How to prevent
Patrol the plants and handpick any of these bugs, as this is a great way to control and mitigate any infestation in the early stages and avoid major plant damage.
Insecticidal soap can be employed in early spring to strengthen vulnerable crops and prevent appearance. This can also be paired with fine nettings around the plant to obstruct these bugs' entrance and make them easier to handpick.
Weed control is important, as it creates a cleaner environment and prevents not only this but other pathogens.
Insecticidal soap solutions are known to work, as well as sabadilla dust. Removing any bugs, either adult or nymphs is always beneficial by handpicking and killing them.
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