Coccids (scale insects) secrete wax coating and feed on plants. This can lead to reduced growth and higher susceptibility to diseases.
Scales or shell-like bumps on plant stems and the underside of leaves. These are the outer coverings of scale insect. Large populations may result in poor growth. Some species of scale insect excrete honeydew, which accumulates on the upper leaf surfaces. This can be colonised by a black non-parasitic fungus known as sooty mould. Some scale insects deposit their eggs under a covering of white waxy fibres in early summer.
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