Dry air, cold windowsill, lack of lighting, and time often put an end to the dream of your tropical garden with moisture-loving and thermophilic species of plants. Florarium tends to be a perfect solution for lovers of exotic plants who are worried that the climatic conditions of an ordinary city apartment are not suitable for growing them.
What is a florarium?
A florarium or terrarium for plants is a small container inside which plants grow. We advise making it of glass or dense translucent plastic or combine wooden models with transparent inserts. The florarium has a narrower opening at the top or side to maintain the microclimate inside the container. This opening is often entirely covered by a lid. It is recommended to use special containers for growing plants and all kinds of glass bottles, jars with lids, large wine bottles, bowls with a narrowed hole, laboratory flasks, or any other transparent vessels.
The general principle of the florarium is to maintain a more or less stable level of humidity and temperature. Special equipment for heating and lighting makes the florarium independent of natural light and heat sources. All this allows you to grow the most bizarre plants that require unusual conditions and care. If the florarium is entirely closed, it is necessary to ventilate it regularly to avoid condensation on the walls.
Aquariums, terrariums for turtles, snakes, and other animals can also be used. You can also use large round vases, bowls, and even regular glass cups or glasses. Such containers are open, so there is no separate microclimate in them. As a result, you need to monitor the temperature regime, regularly water and spray the plants, like ordinary potted greens.
The compactness of florariums is one of their significant advantages, especially for small apartments and small window sills. The variety of plants in the terrarium looks very stylish and unusual, especially against the background of standard potted plants.
No matter how slowly the plants grow, they will become cramped in a small container after a while. In this case, the flowers can be easily transplanted into pots, and you can fill the florarium with a new composition.
Types of florariums
The florarium repeats the natural habitat of the selected plants. Therefore, you need to rely on the climatic zone and the habitat - since the plants will grow in the same conditions, they must match each other in terms of lighting, humidity, and temperature. Do not plant wet forest ferns and desert succulents in the same container. Each type of florarium needs its watering, ventilation, and temperature regime so that the entire plant composition grows safely.
Tropical rain forests
You can make the composition using tropical rainforest plants such as those found in the Amazon, the rainforests of Southeast Asia, or the Atlantic equatorial coastal forests. Even in a tiny container, you can recreate a semblance of multi-tiered jungle forests using plants of different heights. The foreground of the composition should remain open so that you can see all the tiers. There is none to look for rare tropical species - even the most popular tropical plants will look unusual when put together.
Choose plants with similar soil requirements, moderate growth, and high moisture requirements. For tropical plants, it is preferable to use a soil mixture with an admixture of coarse sand, leafy soil, and peat. To maintain high humidity, you can pour a small glass of water into the vessel and decorate it or put a small snag pulled out of the water.
If you have neither the time nor the inclination to monitor the humidity in the terrarium by frequently watering and feeding the soil, there are many suitable plants! Pay attention to succulents, desert, and semi-desert dwellers. You can choose any cactus, echeveria flower, and so on. They all need a little water as they hold moisture in the stems. The root system of such plants is tiny and not very developed, so they will thrive in transparent containers where not so much space is provided.
You can form the soil from coarse and fine sand, pebbles, and even ceramic fragments. However, make sure your succulents are getting enough sunlight - this is a desert, right?
Florarium is an excellent decision both for those who want to diversify their plant collection and those who are worried that their home is not suitable for exotic greenery. It is pretty easy to make, but the result will outstand all the expectations! Since there is a wide variety of materials, plants, and containers to choose from, arranging a florarium will result in a unique decorative element that will brighten up any interior.