1. Use only sterile sharp tools. If the plant is hard, use pruners or a fine saw. The neater cut you make, the more successful it will be.
2. Ensure the tools are clean. It is advisable to sanitize them. Imagine you are a surgeon. You don’t want to infect your plants as they are living beings too. It would be best if you washed your tools with soap or treated them with alcohol or peroxide.
3. Decide where you are going to prune your plants. The cutting should be of a proper length. It differs for each species. Generally, tropical and herbaceous cuttings can root with any size. There must be at least 1-2 pairs of leaves. In comparison, deciduous trees should be pretty short. The cutting must be a bit woody at the base but mostly softwood. Usually, it’s around 10 cm (4 inches) or less.
4. You must cut between nodes leaving some space for dieback. Nodes are places from where leaves are growing. Cut just in the middle.
5. Cut in 45 degrees angle. If you make a flat cut, the cutting won’t have enough surface area to absorb water.
6. Treat the cuts with cinnamon. It’s not obligatory, but cinnamon works as a natural fungicide and rooting hormone. Deciduous trees require rooting hormones for propagation.
7. Place your cutting in a water container in a place where it can get bright lighting and warm temperatures. The most suitable temperature is around 20 °C (68 °F). The lighting requirements depend on the needs of a particular species. For instance, pothos needs medium and monstera bright indirect lighting.
8. Change water as it seems cloudy. Usually, once a week or once in two weeks.
9. Plant your cuttings when you see the first roots are at least 1 cm (half an inch) long.