The sowing of most indoor plants is carried out in the spring. The favorable period for planting is usually indicated on the seed package; in most cases, it varies from March to May.
Choose a suitable pot for growing. What containers are suitable for sowing:
1. plastic or polystyrene pots;
2. clay pots;
3. boxes of different sizes;
4. peat cups for seedlings.
If you choose already used containers, they should be washed well with soda solution and soap before planting. This is necessary since tender seedlings can be infected with various fungal diseases and rot.
Choose the soil which corresponds with the preferences of your future plant. You can purchase a fitting planting mix or make it on your own. Universal potting mix fits almost all species, so this is the most convenient option if you do not want to bother.
Any container must have a hole to drain excess moisture and prevent overwatering. Before filling the container with soil, add some drainage at the bottom. It can be made from pebbles, clay shards, expanded clay, polystyrene, or pieces of red brick. Ready-to-use drainage can also be bought in any plant shop.
After putting drainage, fill the containers with the soil mixture to a height of 1 inch from the edge, slightly pressing it down. Spread the seeds above, and push them slightly in the soil. If the seeds are tiny, they can be mixed with sand and put all over the container. Do not cover small seeds with a lot of soil, but press them into it. If there is a lot of soil above the seeds, it would be difficult for them to germinate. As for bigger seeds, cover them with a thin layer of soil mixture, then press down a little.
The next step is to water the seeds properly. Use a watering can or a sprayer to moisture all the surface. After watering, it is recommended to close the pot with a transparent plastic lid or glass to create a greenhouse effect. This will help the plants to germinate quicker. You need to place a mini-greenhouse in a well-lit, warm place.
To prevent the formation of a large amount of condensation, remove the glass or plastic cover for ventilation every 3-4 days.
Germination time differs for all the species: usually, it will take from several days to several weeks. Additional factors affecting the germination time are seed freshness, moisture level, temperature, and timeliness of watering.
When the first sprouts appear, remove the lid and move the container to a well-lit place. However, do not put it under the scorching sun. Choose a place with bright but diffused light.
After the sprouts grow a little, the next stage is replanting them into separate pots. The process should be made when the first true leaves appear at the seedlings. The whole process must be carried out carefully as not to damage the delicate sprouts.
1. Remove the plants along with the soil clump and separate their roots carefully.
2. Holding the seedlings by their leaves, place each one in the holes in the soil in new pots.
3. Lightly press the ground around, covering the roots and water gently.
4. As soon as the plant is well-rooted and grows up, after about a year, you can transplant it into a new, more spacious pot.
Finally, do not forget to fertilize the plants - the first feeding should be made after the second set of true leaves appears. Apply a half-strength liquid fertilizer each week. Do not forget to water your new friends regularly, and they will cheer you up with fast growth and delicate beauty.